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Subject: Re: Status report

Re: Status report

From: <>
Date: Wed, 8 May 2002 15:44:35 -0400

Is it really that complicated? I may not understand the problem, but
here's a thought.

I haven't looked into FAT32 at all, but I thought that in FAT16 the end of
each cluster there was a reserved space populated with the address of the
next cluster. Putting them back in order was one of the features of
vopt/norton defrag/etc. because when the files were contiguous after the
optimization, there was a whole lot less overhead to find each piece.

So it would seem to me, following this (perhaps flawed) logic, that we
could get by by only moving the first portion of the cluster of the new
file to a new location and linking back to the second cluster through the
FAT32 addressing. (Hmmm, maybe that's how fragmentation got started...)
We would lose a lot of space depending on how often this was done between
defrags (which I think would have to be run fairly often if this was used a
lot), but I *think* it would mean that we would only have to copy the
contents of one cluster to a new cluster, and not rewrite the whole file.

I think that's what Phil was trying to say.

Or maybe not.



                    "Paul Suade"
                    <paul.suade_at_lapo To: <>
          > cc:
                    Sent by: Subject: Re: Status report
                    05/08/2002 01:54
                    Please respond
                    to rockbox

Each file has a start CLUSTER, that is the start point is not per sector
but a fix power-of-two group of sectors (ususally 8 sectors for a 4-KB

FAT files are in fact are not a bunch of sectors but a bunch of clusters.
FAT16 files were only on sectors basis, FAT16 partitions on harddisk would
be able to handle more than 65520 sectors, so clusters as a group of
were introduced to help a FAT16 partition to work with larger harddisk.

Anyway, the only solution to split a file is truncating the first file
recopying byte after byte the rest of the first file in a second file.

----- Original Message -----
From: perterm <>
To: <>
Sent: Wednesday, May 08, 2002 6:44 PM
Subject: Re: Status report

Björn Stenberg wrote:

> And finally, the disk i/o code is now ready. The ATA driver, FAT32
> directory handling layer and file layer are tested and green-flagged for
> use.

The usual case would be that we want to split a file somewhere right in
the middle of a sector of the disc. Assume the situation that we want to
split a file that uses sector 1 - 3 and we want to split the file within
sector 2.

   sector 1 sector 2 sector 3 sector 4

x : used by the file
- : free space
| : sector boundaries

Our goal is to obtain two files: FileA and FileB.
This probably means that the content of sector 2 has to be duplicated to
be used in both files. In this example we copy the content of sector 2
to sector 4. FileA consists of sector 1;2 and FileB of sector 4;3.

        endpoint FileA startpoint FileB
                  V V
   sector 1 sector 2 sector 3 sector 4

But now the startpoint of FileB is in the middle of sector 4. Is
somehting like this possible with FAT? Or must each file start at a
sector boundary? And if so - does the mp3 file format allow to fill the
empty space with dummy data?

Still wished I had time to do more than questions...

Received on 2002-05-08

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